In the last Minute of the national socialist final phase crimes in the Bergisches Land

At the beginning of November 2015, 14 appeared. Volume of the book series “persecution and resistance”. “Last-Minute” is the name of this Band, wants to reports, 70 years after the end of the war on the national socialist final phase crimes in our Region. “At the last Minute,” killed a sniper on the day of the liberation of Wuppertal, an American soldier in the vicinity of the Berlin square. The Name of the American soldier who was so tragically to the death in Wuppertal, Germany, is not known. Little is also known about the killings of German soldiers, the peace broke out in the last Moment, before, as deserters arrested and to Erbslöh lost their lives.

The focus of the book is the massacre in the castle wood and on the Wenceslas hill.

Castle wood

At the end of February 1945, an execution command of the Gestapo and the criminal police officer shot and killed 30 Soviet forced labor in the castle wood. In the first post lieselotte Bhatia, Born in 1939, daughter of the detective Secretary-Wilhelm upper, tells us about her personal Research on the backgrounds of the castle wood massacre. Wilhelm was at the Wuppertal-criminal investigation and was involved in the shootings in castle wood in Wuppertal, Germany. He was convicted in 1948 of a British court to ten years ‘ imprisonment, which he spent, among others, in the war criminal prison, Werl.

Lieselotte Bhatia learned only after the death of her father from the Nazi crimes of her father, she found in his estate, the defence documents of the castle of wood-process. She asked questions to her mother, and began to search as a child of a Nazi perpetrator, a very personal track. Mrs Bhatia wanted to know everything, they researched, performed publicly and was active since then in the historical-political education work. Together with other historical activists, she fought for the compensation of Forced workers, and contributed since 2001 to the organization of visitor programs for former forced laborers. Together with Stephan Stracke, they tried to clarify at the moment, the mystery of the empty pits in the castle wood, and has asked the Dortmund public Prosecutor’s office, to search for more mass graves in the castle wood. In September, she researched in the National Archives in London, according to the crime in the castle wood.

Wenzel mountain

The Wenzel mountain 71 prisoners from the penitentiary Lüttringhausen, from the prison Wuppertal-Bendahl and from the police prison in Wuppertal, Germany by members of the Gestapo, Kripo, and of the protection were murdered by the police.

Stephan Stracke reconstructed on Hand of new archival findings, and updated issues of the events surrounding the massacre of the Wenzel mountain gorge, asks for the Absence of law enforcement and informed about the life stories of the (forgotten) victims and perpetrators. In the Research there were definite Surprises. So is told for the first Time in the history of the scandalous criminal prevention, none of the perpetrators from the Wenzel mountain was ever punished. Also of the life and escape of the alleged main perpetrator of Theodore Goeke could be illuminated. In addition, will be discussing the breeding house Director Karl Engelhardt, the political prisoners before killing the Wenzel mountain, protected and simultaneous with other so-called “criminals, but also political prisoners, the Murder squad of the Wuppertal and Solingen police intervened. Engelhardt was also in 1957 because of the leadership “slush funds” and other scams in the breeding house of Lüttringhausen from office and sentenced to a prison sentence. In addition, the contested history of Wenzel mountain memorial should be addressed.

Peter Fey has finally controls a live image of the Wenzel mountain murdered great-uncle Adolf leader. His “crime”: He had reported in an Interview with a Dutch newspaper about the inhuman conditions in German concentration camps. He was arrested by the people’s court because of so-called national treason to eight years imprisonment. Adolf leaders have made, according to the court, the “damage to the reputation of the German people” guilty.

Historical-political education work

In addition, the book will also be for historical-political education work. We have put together some important documents to the massacres and with small work orders, which we understand explicitly as a Discussion stimulus.

Overall, this book is intended to explore, a suggestion for those interested in history, history activists, and historians, in new projects to dig, and, for example, the history(n) the Nazi perpetrators from the police and the judiciary, and the structures of the regional police authorities, prisons and breeding houses. And we hope that these findings will also feed into a living memorial and reminder of work.

Bhatia, Lieselotte / Stracke, Stephan: last – Minute Nazi final phase crimes in the Bergisches Land

Educational material for the Wuppertal police and the resistance to history, Bd. 1.

De Noantri Publishing

Horst Sassin: in: Romerike of mountains, Zeitschrift für das Bergische Land, 66. Vintage booklet 3/2016, Published on behalf of the Bergischen historical Association, p. 45-46

Again and again the historically interested reader encounters aspects that have remained in scientific notation are as yet not considered. The crimes that were committed in the final stages of the “third Reich” of the state in the Bergisches Land. The resolution of his own reign before his eyes, decentralised the powers-that-their skills and accessible to the means of the murder, in order to keep the population under their Heel. In a timeline, the authors documented a total of 21 crimes that took place all in the Northern half of the mountainous country. 140 people or more were murdered during the final phase, two committed suicide. Neither any of the names nor the exact number of the victims are known. This volume singles out two cases.

Stephan Stracke studied in the longest contribution, the murders in the Wenzel mountain gorge from the 13. April 1945, three days before the invasion of American troops. There are 71 people have been killed, of which 60 were from the breeding house Remscheid lüttringhausen, 4 from Wuppertal-Bendahl and 7 from Wuppertal-Ronsdorf. It is 70 years after the massacre, the first scientific presentation. Using new sources, he, in particular, the role of the lüttring Oberhausen Institute Director, Engelhardt, was reserved for the compilation of the sacrifice of his breeding house. The author asks for a possible cooperation Engelhardt with a network of political prisoner, because it is noticeable that those from the local area were spared. Furthermore, he presents the language use in question, if he is human valuable of antisocial and criminal Häftlichen secretes.

On the basis of Engelhardt’s personnel file, he can demonstrate with black cash management related to subsequent Service failures. However, he recognizes its conflict readiness with Nazi authorities as a prerequisite for its use for the benefit of the political prisoners in the last Minute. A dubious sign of the lack of prosecution of perpetrators by the Wenzel mountain is Not one of them was convicted for the massacre. Then, the author presents the changing nature of the commemorations since 1946. At the Celebration in 1986 with the participation of Solingen students, he oversees the publication of your contribution in “The home”, NF 2, 1986, issued by the BGV Abt. Solingen. In the sense of the cited students, it contradicts the mythology of all the victims as anti-fascists, and asks for our present-day dealing with offenders. He closes his essay, which he sees as the groundwork for a larger study, with a list of offender and victim biographies, which consist partly of only a few words.

Framed his essay of two contributions, the family Affected. Lieselotte Bhatias post is about the massacre of 30 forced laborers at the end of February or beginning of March 1945 at castle wood in Wuppertal-Cronenberg, where her father was involved as a police detective. The contribution of flows in the request to the chief Prosecutor at the NRW-Central office for processing Nazi crimes against any living perpetrators of the investigation. Peter Fey writes about his grandfather, who was murdered gorge in the Wenzel mountain. The fact, for which he was imprisoned, was to store the Information of foreign Newspapers about the conditions in German concentration.

Documents to enrich the three contributions. You are provided with work orders that are not edit on the basis of partially appropriate. So speed of the KPD in its former stronghold, Solingen (p. 317), about whose party the method of exclusion due to Social democratism, Titoismus, and later because of Maoism and other reasons, the absence of the question. For the historiography in General, the demand for the Release ofOld files in the police headquarters in Wuppertal, Germany at the NRW state archive of meaning.